When someone quotes the term antibody, people may know that it is an immunological term generally used in medicine. However, when someone mentions the word common antibody, few people know. In this article, I will provide a brief introduction to consumer antibodies.
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1. What are the antibodies?
Antibodies are immunoglobulins made by a type of white blood cell called a plasma cell. These are large Y-shaped proteins in the immune system that respond to the appearance of antigens or viruses.
Each antibody contains a specific "paratope" that can mark a specific "epitope" on the antigen. With this binding mechanism, antibodies can fight or neutralize their targets against other parts of the immune system.
2. When are antibodies detected?
Conventional antibodies were first mentioned in research by scientists in the early 1980s. To speed up the explanation of the theory of evolution, Charles Darwin, John Grybin, and Jeremy Cherfass, editors of New Scientist Magazine, introduced a revolutionary method for studying human evolution.
They extracted blood serum proteins and injected them into rabbits. The rabbit's body recognizes foreign proteins and produces these antibodies specifically for individual proteins.
3. How can specific antibodies help scientists?
They help scientists produce specific antibodies to accept certain conditions, and the response rate shows the degree of evolutionary relationships. This method can speed up the search for the evolutionary tree of living things and the production of protein to fight disease.